Since the publication of the first volume of this saga in 1996, and even more since the release of the first season of the TV serials, Game of Thrones (or A Song of Ice and Fire) has become a worldwide phenomenon. You may be supporters or even opponents of the world created by George RR Martin, you can love it or you can hate it, but, whatever your opinion be, the fact is that Game of Thrones (or A Song of Ice and Fire) has become a phaenomena.
Let’s do a quick review. The action in Game of Thrones happens in two continents called Essos and Westeros. At the eastern Essos we can find several prehistoric nomadic tribes such as Dothrakis,
who took a lot of importance at the first season and also at the first volume. If we move to the western coast of Essos, we will see a sort of independent cities called Free cities. These nine cities (whose names are Lys, Myr, Pentos, Braavos, Lorath, Norvos, Qohor, Volantis and Tyrosh) have their own governments, their own laws and their own armies, most of them promove the slavery… Because of it we can deduce that what we are talking about is State-Cities, that is, Greek polis. Pay attention to Braavos. Its legend says that, since its foundation, the rest of the world spent 2 centuries to know its existence and 2 more centuries to find its location.
Let’s cross now the Narrow Sea to arrive to Westeros. This landmass represents the European Middle-Age. Here we have a king called King of seven Kingdoms, who rules all the continent through a sort of feudal lords who each one manage their part of Westeros. Please look at now to the far north of Westeros. Far beyond Winterfell there is a place called The Wall. It’s an ice wall, 400 km long and 210 m high, that crosses the continent from end to end. It separates the Southern civilised world of the Seven Kingdoms from the Northern, barbarian, brave,magic and full of monsters. It is based in the Hadrian Wall, located in northern England, we talk about some classes ago.
In conclusion, you can like Game of Thrones or not, but we must admit that never had been there a work of fiction where were represented all the periods of human history.